After the Basic Law for a Gender Equal Society was enacted in 1999, feminist groups in Japan started to lose appeal to the younger generation and diminish in size and influence. This change indicates the weakening of the psychological sense of community (PSC) among contemporary Japanese women, which can undermine the power to prevent and solve the problems of human rights violations faced by Japanese women today. Based on interviews with three active members of a women’s group since the 1980s, this articles seeks to explore the PSC of the women involved in the women’s movement in the 1980s and 1990s and discusses the possibility of transmitting it to the younger generations. The interview questions focused on how ordinary women obtained the power of social change and how they sought to maintain generatively. The main findings were as follows. First, the fact that the experience of ordinary women is usually not recorded in written form makes it difficult for the younger generation to learn the process of empowerment. Second PSC of the women in the women’s movement in the 1980s and 1990s consists of feminist theory and the everyday experience as ordinary women. Third, their PSC can be observed among women who are in non-profit organization activities today. One contribution that community psychologists can make to the process of transmitting the PSC to the next generation is to participate in the community and to listen to the women’s voices and preserve them as written records.
This study examined the effects of cognitive variables on conservation and sustainable use of socio-ecological production landscape (Satochi-Satoyama). This study also examined effects of various media of influence on the cognition and behavior. A questionnaire survey was administered to volunteer members of Ikimonono-Sato (Chimura). The analysis of 96 responses showed that willingness was affected by topophilia and local media (news letter), and the behavior was affected by willingness, local media (news letter) and personal media. The results showed that determinants of conservation and sustainable use of socio-ecological production landscape (Satochi-Satoyama) differs from the determinants of environmentally-conscious behavior such as recycling.
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effects of Policy in Clinical Psychology classes on the attitudes of female university students toward the local community. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 83 students (mean age, 18.9 years) before and after the course. The questionnaire asked about 1) length of residence, 2) the local area to which subjects felt the closest, 3) form of residence, and 4) attitude toward the local community of residence (14 items; three factors, “independent involvement in the community”, “attachment to the local area”, and “relationship to policies”). Comparison of responses to item 2) before and after the course showed that a significantly high number of subjects selected an area outside of the area of residence before the course and the area of residence after the course. Analysis of variance was conducted for item 4) with the period before and after the course as the intrasubject factor and length of residence as the intersubject factor, and showed a significantly higher score after the course for independent involvement in the community. Scores for attachment to the local area were significantly higher after the course, and the short-term group had a significantly lower score than the mid-term and long-term groups. Scores for relationship to policies were significantly higher after the course compared to before the course only in the long-term residence group.