This study focused on consultation to the nursery teaches regarding those children with special support needs for development, who have not been diagnosed with disorders. It was hypothesized that the teachers' experience of being consulted would facilitate team support in nursery schools, as mediator of teachers' activities. To examine this hypothesis questionnaires were conducted to 182 teachers from 65 schools. The factor analysis showed three factors about activity by nursery teachers, and two factors about positive influence of team support. Next, we conducted structural equation modeling that showed indirect effect between activity of nursery teachers and positive influence of team support. We concluded that consultation of nursery school had good effect to help for children with special support needs for development.
This study aimed to describe the activities of the counseling office (non-profit organization)“Kyushudaigaku kokoro to sodachi no sodanshitsu”, and discuss the social significance. This office is established to practice the new clinical psychological community approach, by using the accumulating knowledge from a university. The office is not only providing the services based on clinical psychology for individual profit. Carrying out the training for the professional staff in human service organizations and graduate students of clinical psychology, group approach, psychoeducation, and psychological research, the office continues multiple community approaches. Today, social intersts in clinical psychological approaches are increasing. By noting the office’s establishment and organization processes, and discussing from the community psychological perspective, the clinical psychological services are expected to expand further. When founded, the office provided services that just based on the individual needs and theory. However, as needs from the community were increasing by degrees, various and multifunctional projects are created. And now, this office is providing the practice that organically integrated various projects. In addition, the relationship between the office and the university is changing, as management become stable. We discussed clinical psychological community approach through these practices and management processes.
The purpose of this study was to explore former cult-members' changes in cognition toward relationships with their families, psychological problems of themselves and relationships with their community by comparison of prerecruitment and post-withdrawal from the cult. The interview of 9 former members of Cult A was analyzed qualitatively by making use of KJ method. It was clarified that their contextual situations before recruitment had consisted of, first, malfunction of family system, unsatisfied relationships with their parents and dissatisfaction at the conflicts between family members, especially between parents, concerning family relationships, second, low self-esteem and feelmg isolated and helpless within their families due to an inability to communicate true feelings concerning psychological problems of themselves, lastly, actual difficulties in their community, positive images of society and high affinity with religious themes concerning community relationships. It was suggested that these contexts were the factors of cult-members' vulnerabilities to cult involvement. It was observed that they had, recognized that their family relationships had improved after exiting the cult, gained a new understanding of family relationships before recruitment and changed negative feelings toward family members, and also, gained more stability of themselves under the influence of bidirectional relations with their family, and started feeling fulfillment in reconsidering relationships with significant others and finding their place in their community. It was suggested that they were able to cope with the stress of confronting both cult problems and their problems before recruitment.
This study examines the effect of goal setting and performance feedback on self-management of health behavior. A multiple baseline design across participants was used. The data involving participants’ daily life settings were collected via e-mail and self-recording. Three female undergraduate students participated in the study. Goal setting and graphical performance feedback were employed through a self-recording application were used to improve participants’ self-management of health behavior. The two DVs were as follows: Percentage of task completion and subjective evaluating points of participants’ weight. One participant showed floor effect during the baseline phase. The other two participants completed more tasks in the goal setting and performance feedback phase than in the baseline phase. They also showed a greater tendency toward lower cumulative points in the goal setting and performance feedback phase than in the baseline phase. The results showed that goal setting and performance feedback affected self-management of health behavior.