In this paper, the author discussed practices of child psychologist in child guidance center by literature review. The author investigated the database (CiNii) and “Case studies in child guidance center” from 1986 to 2016 in Japan. The author extracted and reviewed 113 papers. As a result, the author found there are several important features of child psychologist in child guidance center. The features are fulfillment of legal and social requirements, motivational management for clients, community approach, psychological assessment and care for temporal protection and institutional care, psychological care for changing of the living environments, and collaboration with child caseworker in child guidance center. The result of our study showed importance of therapeutic approach for safety and secure. Moreover, the author found several problems such as the need for sensitivity to safety and secure environments.
The aim of this study is to clarify the relationship between the experience and the self-awareness of ethnic identity of the third and forth generation Japanese–Brazilian youths who are living in Japan. The semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 young Japanese–Brazilian people with Japanese elementary and junior high school experience. The results with regard to their experiences were classified into four categories: “home,” “school,” “workplace,” and “return to Brazil.” And, it was shown that various life experiences have an impact on forming the self-awareness of ethnic identity. Moreover, the point of view of “person-environment fit” was examined. The following four points were revealed as factors to form the self-awareness of ethnic identity of Japanese–Brazilian youths. First building parent–child relationship is important in the home environment. Second, the school environment including teachers has a dominant influence. Third, the ethnic identity is determined by Japanese coworkers in the workplace environment. Forth, people who return on their own to Brazil and who stay long term try hard to participate actively in society.