The purpose of this case study is to discuss the effective approach to the community-dwelling older adults to promote intercommunication among participants under the group reminiscence therapy. One of the participants is a man in his late 80s, who has joined an activity since the relevant year. In the first session, it was difficult to get him interested in other participants and to have him communicate with them. The approaches which the group leader provided were as follows: 1) summarizing and transmitting the contents of utterances from other participants, 2) providing the opportunity to utter and 3) improving the attitude by greatly expressing the receptive attitude with sympathy. He began to communicate with other participants as the result of the several sessions. This result suggests that those approaches under the group reminiscence therapy were effective for the community-dwelling older adults, which improves their interest and receptive attitude with sympathy to other participants and promotes intercommunication.
The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying structure of needs of 81 families with Hikikomori children using the data from their initial telephone consultation for hikikomori. We used sequential explanatory design of the mixed methods approach. The data from telephone consultation records were collected and analyzed using the text mining methods and Trajectory Equifinality Model (TEM) of qualitative methods. The results showed: As children’s social withdrawal was prolonged, communication with the family disappeared and the family needs for help grew more serious and complex. Most families with children in hikikomori less than 6 months used the telephone consultation service in solving specific problems proactively. On the other hand, families with long-term hikikomori (more than 10 years) reached their limits and asked for help by other support than family’s self-help. The family is the critical information holder and the communicator close to hikikomori children. The present mixed methods approach revealed the importance of initiating consultation for Hikikomori early before the breakdown of communication with the family.
Objectives: This study examined the meaning of daycare based on “the place for dwelling” model from a life-history’s point of view.
Participants and Methods: Interview script of a life history of a woman with schizophrenia who was using daycare was analyzed. The verbal data was made into external life-history and internal life-history.
Results and Conclusion: Two kinds of life-histories were generated. First stage revealed that before using the daycare, she felt anxiety, distrust and a sense of urgency. Then, she felt a sense of fear but through hospitalization it disappeared; nonetheless, a strong feeling of anxiety continued. Therefore, the meaning of daycare could be said that it should provide a continuous time and place for people to develop relationships and a sense of security.